Article

About Italy

Italia

Italia

 

Italy — the Italian Republic — is a boot-shaped peninsula extending from the southern edge of Europe into the Mediterranean Sea. It includes the two large Mediterranean islands of Sicily and Sardinia, as well as the independent enclaves of San Marino and the Vatican City.

Acknowledged for its vital place in the development of Western civilization, Italy is recognized for the magnificence of its ancient cities and towns, Ancient Roman ruins and unparalleled public works of art dating from the Renaissance period. Italy’s rich cuisine is world-renowned, and its wines are sought after by connoisseurs the world over. Sailing is a popular outdoor activity on Italy’s extensive coastline, and water sports are available at all the larger resorts. Although Italy is viewed as a summertime playground, the Italian Alps offers world-class skiing in the winter, along with rock-climbing, mountaineering, white-water rafting and hiking year-round.

The city-states (from Venice to the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies) which preceded modern Italy made a rich and lasting contribution to Western civilization in many different areas. The concept of a unified Italy as it exists today is a relatively recent one. The state of Italy was first organized as a constitutional monarchy under King Victor Emmanuel II in 1861, with Rome joining in 1870. In 1922, the Fascist party led by Benito Mussolini began to take an ever-increasing amount of control over the country, eventually leading to a grand defeat during World War II. The modern Italian Republic was formed in 1948. Italy was a founding member of both the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and is a major member of the European Union (EU).

Italy — the Italian Republic — is a boot-shaped peninsula extending from the southern edge of Europe into the Mediterranean Sea. It includes the two large Mediterranean islands of Sicily and Sardinia, as well as the independent enclaves of San Marino and the Vatican City.

Acknowledged for its vital place in the development of Western civilization, Italy is recognized for the magnificence of its ancient cities and towns, Ancient Roman ruins and unparalleled public works of art dating from the Renaissance period. Italy’s rich cuisine is world-renowned, and its wines are sought after by connoisseurs the world over. Sailing is a popular outdoor activity on Italy’s extensive coastline, and water sports are available at all the larger resorts. Although Italy is viewed as a summertime playground, the Italian Alps offers world-class skiing in the winter, along with rock-climbing, mountaineering, white-water rafting and hiking year-round.

The city-states (from Venice to the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies) which preceded modern Italy made a rich and lasting contribution to Western civilization in many different areas. The concept of a unified Italy as it exists today is a relatively recent one. The state of Italy was first organized as a constitutional monarchy under King Victor Emmanuel II in 1861, with Rome joining in 1870. In 1922, the Fascist party led by Benito Mussolini began to take an ever-increasing amount of control over the country, eventually leading to a grand defeat during World War II. The modern Italian Republic was formed in 1948. Italy was a founding member of both the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and is a major member of the European Union (EU).